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Gymnothorax mordax California moray

Gymnothorax mordaxis commonly referred to as California moray. Difficulty in the aquarium: Only for advanced aquarists. A aquarium size of at least 3000 Liter is recommended. Toxicity: Toxic hazard unknown.


Profilbild Urheber Ron DeCloux, USA

Copyright Ron DeCloux, 23 .6. 2006


Courtesy of the author Ron DeCloux, USA . Please visit brianeyes21comcast.net for more information.

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lexID:
4962 
AphiaID:
271856 
Scientific:
Gymnothorax mordax 
German:
Kalifornische Muräne 
English:
California Moray 
Category:
Moray Eels 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Anguilliformes (Order) > Muraenidae (Family) > Gymnothorax (Genus) > mordax (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Ayres, ), 1859 
Occurrence:
Galapagos Islands, Gulf of California, Gulf of Mexico, Mexico (East Pacific), USA 
Size:
up to 59.06" (150 cm) 
Temperature:
68 °F - 82.4 °F (20°C - 28°C) 
Food:
Crabs, Crustaceans, Edible crab, Fish (little fishes), Predatory, Rock lobster, Sepia 
Tank:
659.94 gal (~ 3000L) 
Difficulty:
Only for advanced aquarists 
Offspring:
None 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
CITES:
Not evaluated 
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2013-01-08 10:28:04 

Info

(Ayres, 1859)

Distribution
Eastern Pacific: Point Conception in California, USA to southern Baja California in Mexico.
Also known from the Galapagos Islands.

California moray eels are long slim snakelike fish. They sport bodies light to dark brown or green color. Unlike most fishes moray eels have no pelvic fins, pectoral fins, or gill covers. Most fish breathe by closing and opening their gill covers to force water over their gills. Without gill covers moray eels must constantly open and close their mouths to breathe, so they appear to be gasping for breath. Moray eels, during the day, sit in crevices with only their heads protruding. At night they prowl across the reef looking for octopuses and small fishes. These unusual fish don’t have scales. A yellowish mucus covering the eel’s skin protects it from being abraded by the rough surfaces.

Synonym:
Muraena mordax Ayres, 1859,

Classification: Biota > Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Vertebrata (Subphylum) > Gnathostomata (Superclass) > Pisces (Superclass) > Actinopteri (Class) > Anguilliformes (Order) > Muraenidae (Family) > Muraeninae (Subfamily) > Gymnothorax (Genus) > Gymnothorax mordax (Species)

External links

  1. Encyclodedia of Life (EOL) (multi). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.
  2. FishBase (multi). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.
  3. World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) (en). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.

Pictures

Commonly

Copyright Ron DeCloux, 23 .6. 2006
1
CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=320851
1
Photo of Gymnothorax mordax at the Birch Aquarium in San Diego, taken November 2005 by User:Stan Shebs
1

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