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Raja miraletus Brown ray

Raja miraletusis commonly referred to as Brown ray. Difficulty in the aquarium: Average. A aquarium size of at least 3000 Liter is recommended. Toxicity: Toxic hazard unknown.


Profilbild Urheber Borut Furlan, Slovenien

copyright Borut Furlan, Slovenien


Courtesy of the author Borut Furlan, Slovenien Copyright by Borut Furlan Please visit www.borutfurlan.com for more information.

Uploaded by AndiV.

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lexID:
4932 
AphiaID:
105886 
Scientific:
Raja miraletus 
German:
Spiegelrochen 
English:
Brown Ray 
Category:
Stingrays 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Elasmobranchii (Class) > Rajiformes (Order) > Rajidae (Family) > Raja (Genus) > miraletus (Species) 
Initial determination:
Linnaeus, 1758 
Occurrence:
Straße von Gibralta, Benin, West Sahara, Ghana, Algeria, Angola, Cameroon, Congo, East-Atlantic Ocean, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Israel, Madeira, Morocco, Namibia, Portugal, São Tomé e Principé, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South-Africa, Spain, the Cape Verde Archipelago, the Ivory Coast, the Mediterranean Sea, Togo 
Size:
13.78" - 24.8" (35cm - 63cm) 
Temperature:
°F - 82.4 °F (°C - 28°C) 
Food:
Crabs, Crustaceans, Edible crab, Fish (little fishes), Mantis shrimps, Mysis, Schrimps, Sepia, Worms 
Tank:
659.94 gal (~ 3000L) 
Difficulty:
Average 
Offspring:
None 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
CITES:
Not evaluated 
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2013-01-01 17:50:41 

Info

Linnaeus, 1758

Special thanks for the foto to Vjekoslav Ticina, Croatia, Institute for Oceanography and Fisheries.


Distribtion:
Eastern Atlantic: northern Portugal and throughout the Mediterranean to Madeira and South Africa. Reported from the Canary Islands. but occurrence needs verification.
Also in southwestern part of the Indian Ocean.

Biology:
Found over soft bottoms of the shelf and the uppermost slope.
Depth range from 17-300 m, and up to depth of 462 m in the eastern Ionian Sea. Feed on all kinds of benthic animals, also on fish offal.
Oviparous. Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother.
Eggs are oblong capsules with stiff pointed horns at the corners deposited in sandy or muddy flats.
Egg capsules are 4.2-4.6 cm long and 2.7-2.9 cm wide.
About 40-72 eggs are lain by an individual in a year.
Caught by ski-boat anglers.

Synonymised taxa:
Raia ocellifera Regan, 1906
Raia oculata Stephan, 1779
Raia quadrimaculata Risso, 1827
Raja quadrimaculata Risso, 1827
Raya biocularis Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817

External links

  1. FishBase (multi). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.
  2. Wikipedia (de). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.
  3. World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) (en). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.

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copyright Borut Furlan, Slovenien
1
copyright by Vjekoslav Ticina, Kroatien
1

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