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Palythoa nelliae Columnar sandy zoanthid

Foto: Hluleka Coast, Süd-Afrika

Courtesy of the author Brian du Preez Please visit www.researchgate.net for more information.

Uploaded by AndiV.
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lexID:
13746 
AphiaID:
220518 
Scientific:
Palythoa nelliae 
German:
Krustenanemone 
English:
Columnar Sandy Zoanthid 
Category:
Zoanthids 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Cnidaria (Phylum) > Anthozoa (Class) > Zoantharia (Order) > Sphenopidae (Family) > Palythoa (Genus) > nelliae (Species) 
Initial determination:
Pax, 1935 
Occurrence:
Invasive Species, Mozambique, South-Africa, Western Indian Ocean 
Sea depth:
0 - 2 Meter 
Size:
0" - 0.39" (0,9cm - 1,5cm) 
Temperature:
°F - 77 °F (°C - 25°C) 
Food:
Copepods, Zooxanthellae / Light 
Difficulty:
Only for advanced aquarists 
Offspring:
Not available as offspring 
Toxicity:
Has a poison harmful to health 
CITES:
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Not evaluated (NE) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
  • Palythoa anthoplax
  • Palythoa australiae
  • Palythoa capensis
  • Palythoa caribbaeorum
  • Palythoa complanata
  • Palythoa dartevellei
  • Palythoa densa
  • Palythoa durbanensis
 
More related species
in this lexicon:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2021-03-28 16:45:17 

Toxicity

This is a general hint!
Palythoa nelliae has a harmful toxin.
As a rule, animals with a harmful poison do not pose any danger in normal Aquarieaner everyday life. Read the following husbandry information and comments from aquarists who already keep Palythoa nelliae in their aquarium to get a better picture about the possible danger. However, please be careful when using Palythoa nelliae. Every human reacts differently to poisons.
If you suspect that you have come into contact with the poison, please contact your doctor or the poison emergency call.
The phone number of the poison emergency call can be found here:
[overview_and_url_DE]
Overview Worldwide: eapcct.org

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator

Info

Very special thanks for the first photo of Palythoa nelliae to Dr. Brian du Preez, South Africa.

Palythoa nelliae was described by Prof. Ferdinand Pax in 1935 on the basis of a colony from South Africa.
In the meantime, this crustose anemone has made its way towards Mozambique and is considered an invasive species.
It is interesting to note that in shallow tide pools, other species can be found at the same time as Palythoa nelliae, such as Zoanthus sansibaricus and Zoanthus durbanensis (see Molecular examination of rocky shore brachycnemic zoantharians (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia) and their Symbiodinium symbionts (Dinophyceae) in the southwest Indian Ocean).

The crustose anemone grows up to 3cm high and reaches a diameter of 10 - 15mm (the fspecification of 0.9mm comes from the first description by Pax).
Palythoa nelliae is often found in shallow coastal pools, especially in areas that are occasionally covered with sand.

Colour: brownish-green.

In the book "Two Oceans" by Branch & Beckley, another anemone called "Protopalyothoe nelliae" is presented, but this species is said to avoid sand (page 16).
However, this species is unknown in WoRMS.

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