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Sillago sihama Silver Sillago, Sand Smelt, Northern Whiting

Sillago sihamais commonly referred to as Silver Sillago, Sand Smelt, Northern Whiting. Difficulty in the aquarium: Not suitable for aquarium keeping. Toxicity: Toxic hazard unknown.

Profilbild Urheber François Libert, Frankreich

Foto: Bali, Indonesien

Courtesy of the author François Libert, Frankreich . Please visit for more information.

Uploaded by AndiV.

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Sillago sihama 
Wittling Nördlicher Wittling 
Silver Sillago, Sand Smelt, Northern Whiting 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Sillaginidae (Family) > Sillago (Genus) > sihama (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Forsskål, ), 1775 
Eritrea, Vereinigte Arabische Emirate, Djibouti, Kuwait, Hong Kong, Arafura Sea, Australia, Bahrain, Bali, Bangladesh, Brunei Darussalam, China, Corea, Eastern Indian Ocean, Gulf of Oman / Oman, India, Indian Ocean, Indo Pacific, Irak, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Caledonia, Norway, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Quatar, Queensland (Australia), Red Sea, Réunion , Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South-Africa, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tansania, Thailand, The Ryukyu Islands, the Seychelles, Timor, United States Minor Outlying Islands, Vietnam, Western Australia, Yemen 
Sea depth:
0 - 60 Meter 
7.87" - 12.2" (20cm - 31cm) 
78.8 °F - 84.2 °F (26°C - 29°C) 
algae grazer, epiphytes feeder, Amphipods, Carnivore, Clams, Copepods, Crabs, Crustaceans, Diatoms, Dinoflagellates., Fish (little fishes), Fish eggs, Fish larvae, Invertebrates, Isopods, Protozoa, Schrimps, Snails, Starfishs, Worms, Zoobenthos 
Not suitable for aquarium keeping 
Possible to breed 
Toxic hazard unknown 
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Least concern (LC)  
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
  • Sillago aeolus
  • Sillago analis
  • Sillago arabica
  • Sillago argentifasciata
  • Sillago asiatica
  • Sillago attenuata
  • Sillago bassensis
  • Sillago boutani
  • Sillago burrus
  • Sillago caudicula
Last edit:
2020-03-17 18:19:49 

Captive breeding / propagation

The offspring of Sillago sihama are possible. Unfortunately, the number of offspring is not large enough to cover the demand of the trade. If you are interested in Sillago sihama, please ask your dealer for offspring. If you already own Sillago sihama, try breeding yourself. This will help to improve the availability of offspring in the trade and to conserve natural stocks.


Sillago sihama is widespread throughout the Indian-Western Pacific.
The northern whiting often inhabits shallow, soft sandy areas along coasts, bays, harbours, occurs in mangrove-lined streams and estuaries and occasionally enters the lowest parts of freshwater streams.
The northern Whiting can also be found a considerable distance upstream in freshwater habitats.
The cod-like fish is also reef associated,

The benthic living fish is of different colours, ranging from light brown, silvery yellow-brown to sandy brown or honey-coloured, paler on the ventral side, with a silver central strip, dusky dorsal fins with or without rows of dark brown spots on the second dorsal fin membrane,
The somewhat darker caudal fin and often a whitish edge on the anal fin.

The fish is caught with purse seine, hand lines and shrimp trawls and marketed fresh, frozen and dried salted - it is considered to be very fine to eat.

This species feeds on small invertebrates, mainly blue-green algae and dinoflagellates, as well as small crabs and larvae.

Atherina sihama (Forsskål, 1775)
Platycephalus sihamus (Forsskål, 1775)
Sciaena malabarica (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Sillago acuta (Cuvier, 1816)
Sillago erythraea (Cuvier, 1829)
Sillago ihama (Forsskål, 1775)
Sillago malabarica (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Sillago sehama (Forsskål, 1775)

External links

  1. FishBase (multi). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.
  2. Fishes of Australia (en). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.
  3. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (multi). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.
  4. World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) (en). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.



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