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Sprattus sprattus European sprat

Sprattus sprattusis commonly referred to as European sprat. Difficulty in the aquarium: Not suitable for home aquaria!. Toxicity: Toxic hazard unknown.


Profilbild Urheber Erling Svensen, Norwegen

copyright Erling Svensen , Norwegen


Courtesy of the author Erling Svensen, Norwegen

Uploaded by AndiV.

Image detail


Profile

lexID:
4928 
AphiaID:
126425 
Scientific:
Sprattus sprattus 
German:
Europäische Sprotte 
English:
European Sprat 
Category:
Herrings 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Clupeiformes (Order) > Clupeidae (Family) > Sprattus (Genus) > sprattus (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Linnaeus, ), 1758 
Occurrence:
Straße von Gibralta, Russland, the Baltic Sea, the Black Sea, the North Sea, Egypt, European Coasts, Israel, Morocco, Northern Africa, Portugal, Scandinavia, Spain, the British Isles, the Faroe Islands, the Isle of Man, the Mediterranean Sea 
Size:
4.72" - 6.3" (12cm - 16cm) 
Temperature:
37.4 °F - 86 °F (3°C - 30°C) 
Food:
Algae, Copepods, Crustaceans, Cyclops, Daphnia salina, Invertebrates, Krill, Mysis, Phytoplankton, Zooplankton 
Difficulty:
Not suitable for home aquaria! 
Offspring:
None 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
CITES:
Not evaluated 
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2012-12-31 16:59:37 

Info

(Linnaeus, 1758)

Special thanks for the foto to Rudolf Svensen, Danmark.

Distribution
Northeast Atlantic: North Sea and adjacent waters as far north as the Lofoten Area and the west of the British Isles, and Baltic Sea south to Morocco; also in northern Mediterranean (Gulf of Lion and the Adriatic Sea) and Black Sea.

Biology:
Usually inshore schooling, sometimes entering estuaries (especially the juveniles) and tolerating salinities as low as 4 ppt. Shows strong migrations between winter feeding and summer spawning grounds.
Moves to the surface at night. Feeds on planktonic crustaceans.
Spawns at depths of 10-20 m producing 6,000-14,000 pelagic eggs.
Some spawn almost throughout the year, mainly in spring and summer, near the coast or up to 100 km out to sea, the young drifting inshore.

Synonymised taxa:
Clupanodon phalerica Risso, 1827
Clupea latulus Cuvier, 1829
Clupea papalina Bonaparte, 1846
Clupea schoneveldii Krøyer, 1846
Clupea sprattus Linnaeus, 1758 (basionym)
Clupea sulinae Antipa, 1904
Meletta vulgaris Valenciennes, 1847
Spratella pumila Valenciennes, 1847
Spratella serdinka Nikolskii, 1923
Spratella sprattus
Sprattus sprattus phalerica (Risso, 1827)
Sprattus sprattus phalericus (Risso, 1827)
Spratus spratus (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling).

Reports of ciguatera poisoning

External links

  1. FishBase (multi). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.
  2. World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) (en). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.

Pictures

Commonly

copyright Erling Svensen , Norwegen
1
copyright Rudolf Svensen, Dänemark
1

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