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Platichthys flesus European flounder

Platichthys flesusis commonly referred to as European flounder. Difficulty in the aquarium: Not suitable for home aquaria!. Toxicity: Toxic hazard unknown.


Profilbild Urheber Anne Frijsinger & Mat Vestjens, Holland

© Anne Frijsinger & Mat Vestjens, Holland, Bild aus Holland


Courtesy of the author Anne Frijsinger & Mat Vestjens, Holland Anne Frijsinger & Mat Vestjens, Holland. Please visit www.natuurlijkmooi.net for more information.

Uploaded by AndiV.

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lexID:
4910 
AphiaID:
127141 
Scientific:
Platichthys flesus 
German:
Flunder 
English:
European Flounder 
Category:
Flounders & Soles 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Pleuronectiformes (Order) > Pleuronectidae (Family) > Platichthys (Genus) > flesus (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Linnaeus, ), 1758 
Occurrence:
Russland, Tunesien, Straße von Gibralta, the Black Sea, Algeria, Barents Sea, Bay of Biscay, Canada , East-Atlantic Ocean, Egypt, European Coasts, Israel, Morocco, Portugal, Scandinavia, Spain, the British Isles, the Isle of Man, the Mediterranean Sea, USA 
Sea depth:
1 - 100 Meter 
Size:
11.81" - 23.62" (30cm - 60cm) 
Temperature:
41 °F - 77 °F (5°C - 25°C) 
Food:
Amphipods, Crabs, Crustaceans, Edible crab, Invertebrates, Isopods, Krill, Living Food, Ostracodes (seed shrimps), Rock shrimps, Schrimps, Sea squirts, Worms, Zoobenthos 
Difficulty:
Not suitable for home aquaria! 
Offspring:
None 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
CITES:
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Least concern (LC)  
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2017-02-08 19:25:03 

Info

(Linnaeus, 1758)

Special thanks for the foto to Christian Coudre, France, merci!

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic: coastal and brackish waters of western Europe and from the White Sea to the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Introduced into the USA and Canada accidentally through transport in ballast water to Asia: Iran

Biology:
Migratory fish, which is most of the year found in estuaries. Occurs on mud and sand bottom in shallow water, at sea and brackish; often entering freshwaters.
During winter, adults retreat to deeper, warmer waters, where they spawn in spring.
The growing larvae are moving to the coast.
Larvae and early juveniles use selective tidal transport to migrate upstream rivers using a range of triggers such as salinity, prey density and water temperature.
Juveniles live in shallow coastal waters and estuaries, which are also the summer feeding grounds for the adults.
Juveniles of less than a year old feed on plankton and larvae of insects, juveniles of more than a year and adults feed on benthic fauna, including small fishes and invertebrates. Nocturnal and burrowing.

Synonymised taxa:
Flesus vulgaris Moreau, 1881
Platessa carnaria Brown, 1830
Platessa glabra Rathke, 1837
Platichthys flesus bogdanovi (Sandeberg, 1878)
Platichthys flesus flesus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Platichthys flesus luscus (Pallas, 1814)
Platichthys flesus marmorata Nordmann, 1840
Platichthys flesus trachurus (Duncker, 1892)
Pleuronectes bogdanovii Sandeberg, 1878
Pleuronectes flesoides Pontoppidan, 1766
Pleuronectes flesus Linnaeus, 1758
Pleuronectes flesus baltica Suvorov, 1925
Pleuronectes flesus caninensis Suvorov, 1929
Pleuronectes flesus leiurus Duncker, 1892
Pleuronectes flesus luscus Pallas, 1814
Pleuronectes flesus septentrionalis Berg, 1949
Pleuronectes flesus septentrionalis Surorov, 1925
Pleuronectes flesus trachurus Duncker, 1892
Pleuronectes italicus Günther, 1862
Pleuronectes luscus Pallas, 1814
Pleuronectes passer Linnaeus, 1758
Pleuronectes roseus Shaw, 1796

Classification: Biota > Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Vertebrata (Subphylum) > Gnathostomata (Superclass) > Pisces (Superclass) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Pleuronectiformes (Order) > Pleuronectidae (Family) > Pleuronectinae (Subfamily) > Platichthys (Genus) > Platichthys flesus (Species)

External links

  1. Cote bleu Christian Coudre (en). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.
  2. FishBase (multi). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.
  3. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (multi). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.
  4. Marine Species Identification Portal (en). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.
  5. World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) (en). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.

Pictures

Commonly

© Anne Frijsinger & Mat Vestjens, Holland, Bild aus Holland
2
copyright Christian Coudre, Frankeich
2
Platichthys flesus
1
Flunder (Platichthys flesus)
1
© Anne Frijsinger & Mat Vestjens, Holland, Bild aus Schottland
1

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