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Prionace glauca blue shark

Prionace glaucais commonly referred to as blue shark. Difficulty in the aquarium: Not suitable for home aquaria!. Toxicity: Has a poison harmful to health.

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A Blue shark, Prionace glauca, in the Channel Islands Marine Sanctuary off southern California . Source: Mark Conlin / Southwest Fisheries Science Center, US NOAA Fisheries Service. License: CC by Att

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Prionace glauca 
Blue Shark 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Elasmobranchii (Class) > Carcharhiniformes (Order) > Carcharhinidae (Family) > Prionace (Genus) > glauca (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Linnaeus, ), 1758 
Barbados, Suriname, West Sahara, Ghana, Tunesien, Guadeloupe, Hong Kong, Tasmanien, El Salvador, Benin, Gambia, Cocos Island (Costa Rica), (the) Maldives, Alaska, Algeria, American Samoa, Angola, Argentina, Ascencion, St. Helena & Tristan da Cunha, Australia, Bangladesh, Belize, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada , Caroline Island, Central Atlantic, Central Pazific, Chile, China, Circumglobal, Circumtropic, Columbia, Comores, Congo, Cook Islands, Corea, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Africa, Easter Island (Rapa Nui), Eastern Pacific Ocean, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, European Coasts, Fiji, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Galapagos Islands, Guam, Guatemala, Gulf of Mexico, Gulf of Oman / Oman, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Indian Ocean, Indo Pacific, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Johnston Atoll, Kenya, Kiribati, Madagascar, Madeira, Malaysia, Marquesas Islands, Marschall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Niue, Northern Africa, Northern Mariana Islands, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Islands, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Réunion , Samoa, São Tomé e Principé, Scandinavia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South America, South-Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Tahiti, Taiwan, Tansania, Thailand, the Andaman Sea, The Bahamas, the British Isles, the Canary Islands, the Cape Verde Archipelago, the Caribbean, the Cayman Islands, The Chagos Archipelago (the Chagos Islands), The Gulf of Guinea, the Isle of Man, the Ivory Coast, the Kermadec Islands, the Mediterranean Sea, the Netherlands Antilles, the Seychelles, The Shetland Islands (Scotland), Togo, Tokelau, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuamoto Islands, Tuvalu, Uruguay, USA, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wake Atoll, Wallis and Futuna, West Africa, West-Atlantic Ocean, Western Pacific Ocean, Yemen 
Sea depth:
1 - 1000 Meter 
up to 177.17" (450 cm) 
206 kg 
44.6 °F - 84.2 °F (7°C - 29°C) 
Carrion, Fish (little fishes), Sepia, Zooplankton 
Not suitable for home aquaria! 
Not available as offspring 
Has a poison harmful to health 
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Near threatened (NT) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life:
Last edit:
2010-12-12 00:32:44 


This is a general hint!
Prionace glauca has a harmful toxin.
As a rule, animals with a harmful poison do not pose any danger in normal Aquarieaner everyday life. Read the following husbandry information and comments from aquarists who already keep Prionace glauca in their aquarium to get a better picture about the possible danger. However, please be careful when using Prionace glauca. Every human reacts differently to poisons.
If you suspect that you have come into contact with the poison, please contact your doctor or the poison emergency call.
The phone number of the poison emergency call can be found here:
Overview Worldwide:


(Linnaeus, 1758)

Prionace glauca, also known as blue shark, he is the first of its shark family (Prionace).It is said about him to have the most attacks on humans. Other divers call it more harmless and peaceful, so I 'v seen him too (thanks God ;) ). Their main diet consists of squid actually he can devour in large masses with a wide open mouth.

The blue shark has clearly very long pectoral fins with which it more "comfortable" draws its tracks. However, it can be very fast just in case he has to. He preferred wanders far cooler seas. In more temperate areas, it floats just below the surface in warmer regions, such as the tropics, he swims much deeper where the water is cooler.

In summer, along the coast of California, there is a segregation of blue sharks. The male sharks stay in the warmer southern areas, while the female sharks pulling in the colder waters of the northern areas.

Blue sharks usually reach a length of about 3, 5 meters. But there were also some measured 4 meters, or even 4, 50 meters. The top of the shark is blue, hence the name, while the underside is white. The muzzle is as broad as long, the dorsal fin sits further back than other sharks. The pectoral fins are crescent-shaped and very long.

Carcharhinus macki (Phillipps, 1935)
Carcharias aethiops Philippi, 1902
Carcharias glaucus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Carcharias gracilis Philippi, 1887
Carcharias hirundinaceus Valenciennes, 1839
Carcharias pugae Pérez Canto, 1886
Carcharinus glaucus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Galeus thalassinus Valenciennes, 1835
Glyphis glaucus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Hypoprion isodus Philippi, 1887
Isurus glaucus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Prionace mackiei Phillipps, 1935
Prionacea glauca (Linnaeus, 1758)
Squalus adscensionis Osbeck, 1765
Squalus caeruleus Blainville, 1816
Squalus glaucus Linnaeus, 1758
Squalus rondeletii Risso, 1810
Thalassinus rondeletti Moreau, 1881
Thalassinus rondelettii Moreau, 1881
Thalassorhinus vulpecula Valenciennes, 1839

Classification: Biota > Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Vertebrata (Subphylum) > Gnathostomata (Superclass) > Pisces (Superclass) > Elasmobranchii (Class) > Neoselachii (Subclass) > Selachii (Infraclass) > Galeomorphi (Superorder) > Carcharhiniformes (Order) > Carcharhinidae (Family) > Prionace (Genus) > Prionace glauca (Species)


External links

  1. Hai-Datenbank (de). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.
  2. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (multi). Abgerufen am 19.08.2020.



A Blue shark, Prionace glauca, in the Channel Islands Marine Sanctuary off southern California . Source: Mark Conlin / Southwest Fisheries Science Center, US NOAA Fisheries Service. License: CC by Att
Copyright Dr. Peter Wirtz

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