Eastern Atlantic: Scotland to Cape Verde; in the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
Also in coastal waters from southern Norway to Morocco, rare off Mauritania.
Neritic, entering lagoons and lower estuaries, rarely entering fresh water.
Feed on small benthic organisms, detritus, and occasionally on insects and plankton. Reproduction takes place in the sea, from July to November.
Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive.
Liza auratus (Risso, 1810)
Mugil auratus Risso, 1810
Mugil breviceps Valenciennes, 1836
Mugil cryptocheilos Valenciennes, 1836
Mugil cryptochilus Valenciennes, 1836
Mugil lotreganus Nardo, 1847
Mugil maderensis Lowe, 1839
Mugil octoradiatus Günther, 1861